Arthritis knee pain is a very common form of arthritis, mostly affecting all ages, but is mostly prevalent on adults aged 20 and above. This happens when your body does not get enough exercise, or you misuse your muscles and strain your joints. Early symptoms will show swelling or redness, accompanied with continuous pain felt all over the affected area. If left unchecked, arthritis knee pain will continue to develop. Your joints will start to weaken and you will feel pain and sores all over your body, but mostly on your knees. Continued misuse, or rather, the lack of use of your joints may lead to more serious cases, with some cases leading to inability to use that part of your body.
Arthritis knee pain occurs due to degeneration or wear and tear of the meniscus or inflammation of soft tissues surrounding the knee. Aging of your body makes the meniscus weak and incapable of repairing itself after the daily wear and tear which may lead to tearing or flaking. Once the cartilage is lost due to degeneration, the shin bone and thigh bone are exposed to friction which may develop outgrowths or spurs called osteophytes. Osteophytes make the knee painful. Pain may occur also when rheumatic arthritis invades the delicate tissues around the knee joint.
Another cause of knee pain due to arthritis is the crystallization of uric acid within the joint cavity. This actually occurs in case of gout. Swelling of knee due to arthritis may lead to accumulation of fluid in a cyst behind the knee. Such a cyst is called Baker’s cyst, and it is one common reason for pain at the back of the knee. The common symptoms associated with knee pain due to arthritis are swelling, warmth in the joint, inflexibility or stiffness, redness of skin around the joint, locking sensation in the joint, crunching sound while moving knee.
Fortunately, arthritis knee pain can be treated, and the treatment and prevention for arthritis and knee pain can also begin from home. Have an active lifestyle, and do exercises when you have free time. Simple breathing and walking exercises will do just fine, but it wouldn’t hurt to allocate some time specifically for your exercises. Also, do not overdo exercises. Stop if you are tired or you feel your muscles straining from the continued use of it. Obesity is also one of the main causes of arthritis. Cut back on fatty foods and junk foods, and replace it with nutritious foods. Do not become someone who stays in the house for too long. A couch potato would most likely contract arthritis and other medical conditions than one who exercises regularly and eats properly. Have an active lifestyle, exercise regularly, and eat a healthy diet, this cuts the risk of you having arthritis knee pain and other medical conditions.
Unfortunately, for some people, medication, exercises, and braces don’t provide enough help; sometimes surgery is necessary instead. There are a few different types of surgery that may be used to treat knee arthritis. One type, called arthroscopic surgery, involves using special technology to let a surgeon view the inside of a person’s knee and clean any debris found; torn cartilage may also be repaired with this type of surgery. An osteotomy involves cutting the tibia and the femur in order to change the alignment of the knee. In some cases, surgery is used to replace all or part of the cartilage in a person’s knee.